Osuka S, Ishida T, Yamanaka M, Chiba T, Miura T, Koshino Y, Saito Y, Nakata A, Samukawa M, Kasahara S, Tohyama H.
Abdominal draw-in maneuver changes neuromuscular responses to sudden release from trunk loading in patients with non-specific chronic low back pain.
J Orthop Sci. 2019 Nov 15:S0949-2658(19)30327-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jos.2019.10.007. Online ahead of print.
Abdominal draw-in maneuver (ADIM) has been recommended to achieve appropriate trunk muscle response for patients with non-specific chronic low back pain (CLBP). However, it has remained unclear whether the intervention with ADIM could change the trunk muscle response to sudden release from loading, which is considered to contribute mechanical circumstances to low back pain. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of the intervention with ADIM on electromyography (EMG) activities of trunk muscles following sudden release from loading.
Seventeen subjects with non-specific CLBP participated. Subjects resisted trunk flexion or extension loading in semi-seated position, and then the loading was suddenly released. EMG recordings of 6 trunk muscles were acquired using a wireless surface EMG system. Onset and offset times were calculated from the EMG data. The intervention with ADIM was provided for 4 weeks. The onset and offset times were compared between pre- and post-intervention with ADIM.
At the post-intervention, the onset of trunk flexors following release from trunk flexion loading became significantly earlier than pre-intervention (P = 0.028). The offset of flexors following release from trunk extension loading of post-intervention was significantly earlier than that of pre-intervention (P = 0.001).
We showed that the intervention with ADIM changed the EMG activity of trunk flexors in response to sudden release from loading. These results suggest a possibility that ADIM might be effective to improve the neuromuscular control of trunk flexors for the treatment of young patients with non-specific CLBP.